terms neuropsychological rehabilitation, cognitive rehabilitation,
cognitive training and cognitive remediation have been used interchangeably
to describe treatment programs designated for the recovery or modification
of cognitive abilities. Rehabilitation can be used to improve skills
such as attention, memory, executive functions, language, praxis,
visual function, learning ability, temporal-spatial orientation,
among others. These capabilities may be disabled due to brain injuries
(caused by accidents, trauma, strokes etc.), neurodegenerative diseases
(Alzheimer's and other dementias, multiple sclerosis, etc.) or neuropsychiatric
disorders (schizophrenia, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder,
OCD, etc.) or even stress.
starting treatment, it is necessary to undertake a neuropsychological
assessment, so that the professional can identify which cognitive
functions are impaired and which are preserved.
the sessions, training exercises are practised, with the aim of
strengthening cognitive functions. Often, some activities are suggested
for homework as a way of enhancing the treatment. It is important
that the patient has an active and engaging posture. A family member
might be involved in the treatment in order to help the patient
apply the gains obtained in sessions to everyday situations.